Creativity and Place-Making: Evaluating the Creative Product in Community-Based Art Installations
A community-based art installation (CBAI) held in Lexington, KY which is recognized for its horse culture, was used to explore creativity and place-making. The CBAI under study consisted of 126 artistically reinterpreted doors originating from a recently demolished housing project on a historic site. A panel of 3 judges sorted photographs of the art doors into categories identified as African American, decorative, equestrian, landscape, or three-dimensional. A second group of twelve judges evaluated models of 40 randomly selected doors on creativity and sense of place dimensions defined as originality, authenticity, uniqueness, significance, and authorship (Kwon, 1998; 2002). The inter-rater reliability of the judging process reached 0.84. The findings showed the African American, decorative, landscape, and three-dimensional doors were viewed as significantly more creative than those doors with an equestrian theme (F (4,94) = 4.22, p < .05). A significant relationship was found between sense of place and creativity (r = .59, p < .05). Specifically, creativity significantly related to place-making dimensions of originality (r = .67, p < .05), authenticity (r = .59, p < .05), uniqueness (r = .63, p < .05), and significance (r = .39, p < .05), but not authorship (r = -.06, n.s.). Themed art that interpreted sense of place beyond the familiar iconography of the city was evaluated as significantly more creative than the art that did not. Implications from the study underscore the importance of synthesizing novelty and appropriateness into site specific, creative products.
Keywords: Place-Making, Creativity, Community-Based Art, Temporary Art Installations
Assistant In Interior Design, Department of Interior Design, Florida State University