The Ways of Art Development between the Cultural Memory and Historical Amnesia

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The history about the heroic past of the USSR, of the military and labour feats of the revolutionaries, soldiers, politicians, workers, collective farmers, scientists and engineers all that the Soviet country was proud of, suddenly was seen from the opposite point of view.

As a result the historical memory became deformed and its functions as forms of preservation and transfer of the significant cultural information, are called into question. The post Soviet society is seized by the historical amnesia and cultural frustration. The heroes of the Soviet army and revolutionaries become enemies of the Motherland on change to the betrayers, who previously had a negative historical estimation. The disappointment of the communist ideals and the reassessment of the history leads to the social instability, irritation and total scepticism in relation to the recent past.

As the reflection of total historical scepticism the new exposition policy of the largest museums and showrooms of Russia, Ukraine, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Georgia and other countries of the former USSR starts./A bright example of a relativity of the historical estimation of the past and modern rearrangement of images of the historical memory is a new exposition "The Art of the XX century "of the State Tretyakov Gallery, the Sculptural exposition in park of arts "Museon" in Moscow or the sensational exhibition from assembly of the Tretyakov Gallery « Social -Art. Political art in Russia ", which was shown in November, 2007 in Paris and others.

The question is- what brings the state of historical frustration which has come in cultural history of the countries of the former USSR to the future generations. What is a true historical importance of that artistic process, which captured the modern art?

Looking to the answer of these questions, facts from the history of the world culture arise. Each new historical epoch declared itself by negation of the settled values. The conflict between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, Romanticism, Modernism and Postmodernism was based on denying of old ideals and the statement of new art values. The transition of one historical epoch to another was accompanied by the natural frustration and a temporary cultural amnesia. Postmodernism has declared " death of the author " and " the end of art ". Nowadays the artists face a problem of the possible ways of art development after the end of art?

Keywords: Art Development, Cultural Memory, Historical Amnesia
Stream: Arts Theory and Criticism
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.

Liudmila Limanskaya

Professor, Art History, Russian State University for the Humanity
Moscow, Russia, Russian Federation

I was born in 1955 in Stavropol, Russia. Finished secondary school in 1972. Moved to Kiev in 1967(Ukraine, ex USSR) and graduated from the Ukrainian National Academy of Fine Arts and Architecture, the faculty of Art Theory and History in 1979. From 1986 to 1990 followed a post-graduate course of the Aesthetic Department of Ukrainian Scientific-Research Institute of Philosophy, Kiev. In 1992 got the PHD diploma in Fine Arts Criticism. In 1998 lectured in Russian State Art College in Moscow. In 2006 got the qualification of the Doctor of Art criticism. Professional interests: The Theory of Fine Arts; Methodology of Art Criticism; The Description and Analysis of Works of Art. The filling Posts for the last time. 1995-to present day: Professor of Art History Department Russian State University of Humanity, Moscow; 2000- 2004 Senior Research Officer of the Art Theory Department of Scientific-Research Institute of Russian Fine Arts Academy. Last monographers: The optical worlds: an aesthetics of sight and language of art Moscow: RSUH, 2008-351P; Art Theory as a Cultural Experience Area. Study on the Art Theory and Methodology. Moscow: RSUH- 223Р.

Alexander Kostin

Member, Sculpture, Russian Union of Artists
Moscow, Russian, Russian Federation

1980 – graduated from the sculpture department of the Kiev National Ukrainian Academy of Fine Arts and Architecture. 1983-1986 – completed post-graduated studies of Academy of Fine Arts in Moscow. Since 1980 – participant of Fine Arts Show in Ukraine, Russia, USA, France, Italy, Japan, Canada, Great Britain, Switzerland. Since 1986 – participant and organizer of International Sculpture Symposium in: Ukraine (Kiev1988, Kharkov1990, Gorlovka1990, Trostianes1986, Ochakov, 1987 Nikolaev1985), Russia (Moscow1997, France (Sen-Canten, 1995), Canada (Camloops2002), Switzerland (Mogres-2003). 1986 member Union of Artists 1986 author of memorial monuments and outdoors sculptures in Ukraine, Russia, France, and Canada. Pieces of Kostin’s statuary, prints and pictures can be found in State Tretiakov Gallery, State Museum of Ukrainian Art, corporate collection “Crosna Gallery”, private collections in the USA, Canada, France, Italy, Japan, Great Britain.

Ref: A09P0006