Art, Biosafety and Bioethics: Brazilian Controversies
This paper examines the ethical implications associated with the tensions between contemporary art and biosafety procedures and bioethical evaluations that have been developed considerating scientific and health purposes. We defend that this conflicts and tensions happened because of two different transformations: (1) The growing evidence of the safety in the government of bodies and life and (2) the change in art from the function of “mimesis” (emphasizing the illustrating function) to the direct intervention in bodies (body art and body modifications) and in life (biotechnological art). Moreover, we propose that the control of artistic practices is overall caused by migration to the artistic context of biosafety and bioethics procedures that have been developed considering scientific and wealth problematics. Biosafety and Bioethical evaluations accepting the core principles of the Scientific Method, it' is possible and desirable in the arts practice? This paper, which is based on document analysis, direct observations, and interviews, analyses three major Brazilian controversies, surrounds biosafety or bioethical procedures, in artistic body manipulations.
Keywords: Ethic, Contemporary Art, Body Manipulation, Controversies
Profª . Dolores Galindo
Professor and Researcher, Master's Programme in Contemporary Culture, Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso