Understanding Malaysia’s Political Scenario through Royce’s Concepts of Loyalty: An Interpretation from Shakespeare’s Timon of Athens and Pericles
This paper aims to highlight selected concepts of loyalty as displayed in two Shakespearean plays, Timon of Athens and Pericles through the explication of Josiah Royce’s Philosophy of Loyalty. The study concentrates on two specific characters, the Steward in Timon of Athens and Helicanus in Pericles, and their extent of loyalty shown to the masters. It is also observed that the master-relationship interpreted in the plays bears some resemblance to the subordinate-superior relations in the current political scene in Malaysia. As such, an extension is made to further understand the cross-cultural concepts of loyalty practiced by both the East and the West. With the understanding of seventeenth-century government in both Shakespeare’s England and the Malaccan sultanate, this study hopes to emphasize the immortality of Shakespeare’s works in contemporary settings.
Keywords: Shakespeare, Josiah Royce, Philosophy of Loyalty, Timon of Athens, Pericles, Malaysia, Politics
Dr. Arbaayah Ali Termizi
Senior Lecturer, English Language Department, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Florence Toh Haw Ching
Masters Candidate, English Language Department