“Other” Worlds of the Art World

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Third World biennials have not yet fulfilled their utopian mission to decentralize the art world but they have developed new alliances, exchanges, and infrastructures that allowed the local avant-garde art practices to assume a critical stance to the totalizing mechanisms of the new transnational institutions of contemporary art. Numerous art worlds that proliferate around the globe are embedded in multiple globalisms that coexist with the dominant system of art production, exhibition, and circulation. The peripheral movements of art demand for a radical and true extension of the “democratization” of the international art world. In my article I focus on the local reception of the latest Istanbul Biennials as my case study and demonstrate that while the transnational biennial institution raises private profits instead of creating public consent, the event itself has the potential to generate an unprecedented level of energy, activism and creativity in the local level. In Istanbul, various avant-garde art practices have been emerging in spaces simultaneously connected and disconnected to the transnational art world institutions. These practices challenge the standardization of the biennial phenomenon and call for a dissident alliance with the avant-garde art in the Balkans, South Caucasus, and Middle East where new forms of cultural interactions with local societies and the art world has been taking place.

Keywords: Globalisation and Art, Biennalisation, Art World System, International Biennials, Contemporary Avant-Garde Art
Stream: Arts Theory and Criticism
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.

Tijen Tunali

Phd Candidate, Art and Art History, University of New Mexico
Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

I am a PhD candidate in the Art and Art History Department at the University of New Mexico. I have a BS degree in Economics, a BA in Fine Arts and an MA in Visual Studies. My research interests are: contemporary critical theory; contemporary art and globalization; cross-cultural networks and exchange; and international art biennials. The title of my dissertation is: "Festivals of Art, Carnivals of Representation: Globalizing Local Art or Localising Global Art?" My dissertation concentrates on the contested meanings in the international art biennials which oscillate back and forth between colonialism and/or neo-colonialism versus anti-colonialism, on the one hand, and nationalism and/or transnationalism versus internationalism, on the other hand. I have presented at the international conferences and given public lectures in the USA, Canada, Germany, Hungary, Poland,and Turkey on the topic of "Globalization and Art." In April 2008 I chaired a panel titled:“Stateless Nomads, Non-territorial Nations: The Roma, Gypsies and Other Travelers”at the International Annual Conference of the American Comparative Literature Association and I presented a paper titled "The Art of Possibility: The Roma Pavillion in the 52nd Venice Biennial."

Ref: A09P0383