Vernacular Cosmopolitans? Liminal Beings? On Ecuadorian Art in the Diaspora
In this paper, I examine the emergent art by diasporic Ecuadorians in Italy and Spain. From 2000 to 2005, more than one million Ecuadorians left the country. Estimates indicate that the Ecuadorian diaspora totals three million. Ecuadorian migrants have frequently been objects of sociological and anthropological knowledge. How are Ecuadorians responding to this lacuna between representation and self-representation, and among disciplines and compartmentalizations of knowledge production? Particularly in Madrid, Barcelona, Milan, and Genoa, Ecuadorians have created ways to represent themselves through the plastic arts, painting, literature, and short films. Contemporary artistic production needs to be contextualized within larger historical frameworks and transdisciplinary interventions. I argue that while many Ecuadorians in Italy and Spain enter already ethnic-racial, gender-stratified migrant labor markets, they develop vernacular cosmopolitanisms and inhabit liminal spaces that are represented in their artistic production.
Keywords: Ecuadorian Art, Diaspora, Transnational Art, Cosmopolitanism, Subalternized Knowledge, Italy, Spain
Doctoral Student, Teaching Assistant, Comparative Literature Program